Florian Schneider, co-founder of hugely influential electronic pop group Kraftwerk, has died at the age of 73.
The German quartet set the template for synthesiser new music in the 1970s and 80s with tunes like Autobahn and The Design.
They realized both of those musical innovation and industrial accomplishment, and influenced scores of artists throughout genres ranging from techno to hip-hop.
- How Kraftwerk motivated 5 many years of tunes
Schneider shaped the group with Ralf Hütter in 1970, and remained a member right up until his departure in 2008.
A statement mentioned he “handed absent from a short most cancers illness just a several times right after his 73rd birthday”.
Tributes flowed from the new music planet. Spandau Ballet’s Gary Kemp said Schneider was “these types of an critical influence on so considerably of the new music we know”, and had solid “a new Metropolis of audio for us all to stay in”.
Duran Duran keyboardist Nick Rhodes remembered listening to Autobahn and “how radically unique it sounded from every thing else on the radio”.
It “sparked my lifelong admiration for their innovation and creativeness”, and the group’s “impact on contemporary music is deeply woven into the material of our pop society”, he wrote.
OMD explained they were being “completely devastated” at the news, and Jean-Michel Jarre also compensated tribute.
The extended checklist of artists to have been motivated by Kraftwerk bundled David Bowie, who named the track V-2 Schneider on his Heroes album immediately after Schneider as effectively Depeche Manner, New Get and Daft Punk.
Coldplay applied a portion from Kraftwerk’s Pc Enjoy in their strike Speak, even though Jay-Z and Dr Dre borrowed from Trans Europe Convey for their monitor Beneath Tension. Kraftwerk reputedly turned down Michael Jackson, who needed to collaborate.
The team confronted resistance in the British audio press at first, but went on to accomplish the two musical innovation and business accomplishment.
They broke by with the hypnotic Autobahn in 1975, and went to amount just one in the British isles with the double A-facet single The Model/Laptop Really like in 1982.
Even Kraftwerk’s image was mechanical – throughout the 1970s, they began to portray themselves as robotic figures, dressed identically and standing in a row guiding keyboards on stage.
With placing album addresses including to their visible effects, their artistic as very well as musical identity led to a series of acclaimed residencies in galleries like New York’s Moma and the Tate Modern in London in the 2010s.
Schneider had left by then. He and Hütter remained famously enigmatic, but Hütter advised The Guardian in 2009 his bandmate experienced not been “actually associated in Kraftwerk for lots of, numerous yrs”.
‘The digital Beatles’
Examination by Mark Savage, BBC tunes reporter
All through the mid-70s, the band’s allegiance to what they identified as “robotic pop” established the sonic template for anything from hip-hop to house songs through EDM and techno.
In some quarters, they were dubbed “the electronic Beatles”, and it is really tough to disagree.
Electronic new music had existed just before – from the musitron solo on Del Shannon’s Runaway to the intellect-expanding Medical professional Who topic, recorded by the BBC’s Radiophonic Workshop in 1963.
But Kraftwerk formulated a new musical vocabulary, sculpting hypnotic, lower-frequency seems that celebrated Europe’s passionate past, and seemed forward to its shimmering future.
- Read Mark’s entire appreciation.
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