Find Santorinitours.org at Emporio 847 03, call us on 694 457 7918 and book Santorini tours. The list is endless and the beauties of Santorini are endless. Because we usually don’t have a lot of time at our disposal and because vacations are not only about exploring, getting to know new places and adventure, but also about relaxation and rest, here is a guide with the ten most important attractions of Santorini, which should be seen by those who visit it , even for once.
The beaches of Santorini are not included, which are all very special as they were created by the eruptions of the volcano, as this formed the natural relief of the island.
There is no other island in the world like Santorini and its uniqueness is mainly due to the volcano, which is one of the most important in the world. It is active and formed millions of years ago, while the great eruption that occurred during the Prehistoric Era and known as the Minoan Eruption is considered the largest in world history.
When the locals say volcano today, they mean the small island of Nea Kameni, in the center of the almost circular perimeter formed by Santorini, Thirasia and Aspronisi. After all, in Nea Kameni one can see vapors coming out of the bowels of the earth, while right next to it, Palaia Kameni is the island that was formed about 2,000 years ago, during the eruption of 47 AD.
Today, visitors to Santorini have the opportunity not only to look down on the volcano from the cliff of the caldera or to see it by sea from closer, but also to walk it, to reach the places where even today steam still comes out, or to swim in the warm waters around both Palaia and the
Prehistoric settlement of Akrotiri
The prehistoric settlement of Akrotiri in Santorini is today one of the most important archaeological sites in the entire Mediterranean. It is located in the south-eastern part of the island and is the part of the city of the Late Bronze Age, i.e. the end of the 17th century BC.
The definitive end for the settlement came from the so-called Minoan Eruption of the volcano, estimated around 1615 BC. The findings suggest that the inhabitants had probably been ‘warned’ by a series of strong earthquakes and had left the city in time – no human skeletons were found.
The ash and all the materials from the eruption of the volcano, as well as the tons of mud resulting from the torrential rain that followed contributed to everything being preserved in very good condition and the visitor can see high-rise buildings, household items, paved roads , the sewage system, workshops and warehouses, but also the exceptionally well-preserved frescoes of this wealthy society, which had developed in various sectors and which was destroyed at the time of its greatest prosperity.
The Kanaves of Santorini are the traditional wineries of the island, where the famous wine of the Santorini vineyard, Vissato and other varieties are produced. They are mainly caves, so that the properties of the volcanic soil and subsoil of the island “help” the fermentation of the wine. Each canvas, with at least one dome inside, had a wine press and a linen press.
The grapes were placed in the press and pressed by the workers – or the producer himself, when we are talking about home units. Then, through the special channel, the must was passed to the linen and from there, with the help of special containers, it was collected in barrels until it matured.
In many parts of Santorini in the past, there were as many canvases as houses, as everyone had their own small vineyard and made their own wine.
The Emporio Castle of Santorini is the best preserved of the remaining four castles of the island (Pyrgou, Oia, Akrotiri, Skaros). It is located in the center of the modern settlement, many of its buildings have been restored by its owners and inhabited, while many of its churches are still preserved – the oldest is Panagia the Messiani with its impressive bell tower.
It is estimated that it was created by the Venetians around the 15th century and the houses that made up its outer perimeter are built next to each other, with their doors and windows only “facing” its interior. Thus, their outer walls also constituted the “wall” of the castle.
The endless labyrinth, with the very narrow streets, the stairs that rise almost vertically, the bridges that connect the upper floors, the arches, the old churches, is a point of inexhaustible inspiration for the lovers of Santorini.
Castle of Pyrgos
The Castle of Santorini Tower is later than the rest of the island and was built around 1580. Today several of its buildings are preserved and give a very good picture of the settlement in its heyday.
The castle gate, several old churches, Theotokaki, but also the Panagia toni Iisodion of 1660, at the top where the impressive epitaph is made on Great Friday, are also preserved. A special feature of the castle was the underground escape gallery that led to the neighboring Exo Gonia.